Addressing Overlapping Migratory Categories within New Patterns of Mobility in Peru


  • Cécile Blouin
  • Emily Button



trafficking in persons, irregular migration, migrant smuggling, refugees, Peru, categorisations


This article reflects on the construction and application of different migratory categories in the Peruvian context, including irregular migrants, refugees, victims of trafficking, and smuggled migrants. Through legal analysis and interviews with key migration actors in the country, the paper explores the ways in which Peru responds to migrants in these different categories, in view of the recent changes in human mobility in the country. The article aims to shed light on the fragmentation of migratory categories and the negative effects this has on migrants’ human rights. It is exploratory in nature and serves as a starting point for further debate on the subject.


Metrics Loading ...

Author Biographies

Cécile Blouin

Cécile Blouin is a senior researcher at the Institute for Democracy and Human Rights at the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (IDEHPUCP) and teacher at the Faculty of Law and the Human Rights Master Degree at PUCP. She previously worked as consultant for the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Her research interests include migration and human rights, intersectionality and gender in migration, forced migration, and trafficking and smuggling in Latin America, especially Peru.

Emily Button

Emily Button received her Juris Doctorate from Rutgers Law School, USA. She is an independent researcher focusing on human mobility issues in Latin America, particularly the trafficking of persons and the rights of refugees and other vulnerable populations in the context of migration. Most recently, she was a researcher at the IDEHPUCP.




How to Cite

Blouin, C., & Button, E. (2018). Addressing Overlapping Migratory Categories within New Patterns of Mobility in Peru. Anti-Trafficking Review, (11).