Witnessing in a Time of Homeland Futurities


  • Dr Annie Isabel Fukushima




homeland futurity, border and immigration, human trafficking, migrant labour, technology


Current US rhetorical strategies of imagining a future of the homeland have led to the creation and utilisation of new technologies to contain and manage the border. These responses to the US border and immigration impact anti-trafficking efforts, sustaining a ‘homeland futurity’. Homeland futurity draws on and extends discourses of emergency that solidify borders as dangerous and risky. This article traces how homeland futurities emerged in US anti-trafficking efforts. Drawing upon interviews and focus group discussions with service providers and survivors of violence in San Francisco, the article demonstrates how migrant labourers are impacted by a discourse of threat and containment of the border. However, migrant labourers and their allies are innovating to secure a life that mitigates risk through migrant labourers’ use of technology. This article illustrates through the example of Contratados.org how technology may facilitate opportunities of future visioning by migrant labourers beyond a homeland futurity, to enact practices that bring to the centre migrants and their experiences through social networking and information sharing on job prospects.


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Author Biography

Dr Annie Isabel Fukushima

Dr Annie Isabel Fukushima is an Assistant Professor of Ethnic Studies in the School for Cultural & Social Transformation, University of Utah. Prior to that, she earned her doctoral degree from the University of California, Berkeley, and was a Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow at Rutgers University. Dr Fukushima is the author of Migrant Crossings: Witnessing human trafficking in the U.S. (Stanford University Press, 2019).




How to Cite

Fukushima, A. (2020). Witnessing in a Time of Homeland Futurities. Anti-Trafficking Review, (14), 67–81. https://doi.org/10.14197/atr.201220145